For those mercifully unaware of the significance of that, blood ketones are generally regarded to be a Very Bad Thing if you live with type one diabetes. If left to build up in the blood due to insufficient insulin and raised BG they can quickly turn a normal day into one filled with paramedics, wailing sirens and everyone's second favourite urgent diabetes complication - Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) - which, joking aside, is potentially lethal.
Ketones not keytones
Keytones are the annoying bleeps your phone makes as you type, unless you have the good sense to switch them off. Ketones take annoying to a whole new level and might easily send you scampering to A&E.
Ketone monitoring is generally advised for people with type 1 during periods of illness, or if BG levels become elevated (say above 13mmol/L / 230mg/dl) and remain there for any length of time. For some people on insulin pumps, ketones can be particularly problematic, because a blocked cannula or bad infusion site can leave little, if any active insulin after a matter of hours. I am lucky in that I do not seem to create ketones as readily as some, but I know that for many, especially parents of children with T1, ketones are a real source of anxiety and worry.
There are two ways to check for ketones, one is through urine strips, the other blood ketone monitors. Urine ketones offer a significantly delayed picture because it takes ages for them to filter through, and blood ketone strips until now have been fiercely expensive (approx £2.50 each strip) which means that those who secure them on prescription usually only have a limited supply, that they must use carefully when they need them most. But here was the promise of a meter that would give an instant blood ketone check, effectively free of charge, alongside every single BG result. This was a genuinely exciting prospect and I asked the Keya Smart folks to keep me informed.
It took a while for them to send me a meter to look at, but here is my n=1 experience of the Keya Smart. I can't say how it would work for anyone else, but this is what happened when I tried it out for a month.
|Left to right: AccuCheck Expert, Contour NextLink and Keya|
One of the first things I noticed was that the case for the Keya Smart was a bit on the large side. The meter itself has a good sized touch-screen which is bright, responsive and easy to read. There is a USB cable/adapter for charging and data transfer, though data transfer can also apparently be done via Bluetooth - a feature which I did not investgate. The fingerpricker is perfectly serviceable and fairly pain-free with adjustable depth, but is not going to snatch my affections away from my trusty Multiclix. The strips, unusually in my experience, come in a flat container which nestles neatly in the pouch. This made strips extremely easy to remove when the container was full as they lined up like soldiers, but as the tub emptied the strips were able to slosh about a bit more and became a little fiddlier to remove. One nice design feature of the pouch was that the meter say inside four little 'corners' which neatly held it, but also allowed you to easily remove and replace it whenever you needed and also access the touch-screen completely unhindered. None of that faffing about with elasticated transparent bands.
You are walked through a basic set-up when you first switch the meter on (time, date, language and so on). You can then set glucose targets and activate other functions as you need them from the 'set-up' screen - for example whether you would always like to see blood ketone results, or only be alerted if they are elevated.
The battery seemed to last well - I would guess I'd get a good couple of weeks' use before I needed to recharge. The large screen must take some juice, and rather strangely there did not seem to be a way to turn it off when finished, you had to rely of the screen timing out and switching itself off after a few seconds. Pressing-and-holding the 'On' button didn't seem to do anything. This might be a bit annoying if you were running low on battery when out and about and needed to squeeze a few BG checks out of it until you could recharge.
The meter stores results for both BG and ketone results which can be viewed in a logbook table, or averaged over 7, 14, 30 and 90 days. I particularly liked the 'trends' screen which allows you to view results for either BG or ketones in a pie-chart style over 7, 14, 30 or 90 days.
You can flag results as being before or after meals, fasting, during sickness, for exercise or with insulin. These flags can then be applied to your 'trends' view to filter your results and see how your numbers stack up for those different times of day/activities. Importantly for me, you can add or edit those flags whenever you want to, there is no time limit. You can go back and add a meal tag several days later if you forget on the day. It frustrates me beyond belief when diabetes gadgets set arbitrary time periods for these kinds logging options. They are my data - I want to be able to access and update when it suits me.
Ketone values are highlighted either each time you check BG or only if elevated (amber) or high (red). Ketone values of up to 0.6mmol/L are considered fine, between 0.6 and 1.5mmol/L rates as 'Elevated' and any ketone reading above 1.5mmol/L is flagged as 'High'.
It all seems pretty slick and solid to handle (with the possible exception of the finger pricker which feels a little flimsy), but I did have an unfortunate time with my first Keya Smart meter which stopped turning on after about 4 days. Neither the strip port, nor the on button, nor recharging would bring it back to life, and there was no way to extract any data from it that I could find. It was fine one evening and just would not turn on the next morning. It was an ex-meter.
|Possibly the most annoying error screen, ever.|
One aspect I always enjoyed reading in Tim and Alison's meter reviews on the venerable and much-missed Shootup related to strip slurpiness. How keen, or otherwise, a BG strip is to avail itself of a proffered droplet of blood. Sample size for the Keya Smart meter is a piffling 0.5μL, but unfortunately the strips themselves are rather bashful in welcoming your freshly squeezed fingers. It takes my Contour NextLink less than a third of a second to slurp up it's required sample, and the strips hungrily home in on blood from half a room away. By contrast the Keya Smart meter took a full 2 seconds, and seemed to need you to place your finger in a very precise alignment before it would deign to begin its dainty sipping. Not only that, but there was no opportunity to 'have another go' if a sample was fractionally short, as there is with some meters. Not quite enough blood on a strip and you had to abandon the check, and start again. Even more annoyingly, given it was completely outside of your control - the meter would reject some tests because the strip was filling too slowly - to which I would frequently shout, "I KNOOOOOW!!".
What was very unfortunate was the frequency of these strip errors. I don't know if I was just unlucky, or if it is something to do with the engineering of the strips to allow the dual results, but I was having significantly more checks rejected by the Keya Smart than by any other meter I have owned. Particularly irritating when you had a slow fill error, followed immediately by a underfilled strip error, before you finally managed to get a result.
|Elevated BG, but ketones 'all clear'.|
Again I must stress that these are just my n=1 observations, but while I was using the Keya Smart I decided to check against my current NextLink USB meter. I often do this when evaluating a new piece of BG technology, because it helps me to know whether the new one generally reads higher or lower than I'm used to which can help inform my BG management decisions. The NextLink USB was said to be one of the most accurate on the market in a recent review, and I have always found it to be very reliable when double-checking a value, rarely differing by more than a few decimal points if I am not sure of a BG check and want to make sure it's not a rogue result. The official results in the Keya Smart handbook look similarly impressive with 94% of results within 0.8 mmol/L of a lab reference.
Sadly this was nothing like my experience.
Alongside BG comparisons, I also acquired a handful of Optium Blood Ketone test strips for my Freestyle Libre to cross-check any occasions where the Keya Smart meter registered elevated ketones.
Here you can see an initial check which alerted for high ketones despite in-range BG, by contrast the Libre shows only a trace of ketones. A recheck with another strip and while the BG value is very similar, the ketones have now dropped from 'A&E here we come' to 'Nothing to worry about here, sonny'.
It did seem odd for me to get a high ketone alert at 4.0mmol/L BG, so this was easy to spot - but if it had been the earlier photo where I'd run in double figures all night I might easily have taken the first value as accurate. I have to say that in all the elevated/high ketone results I cross-checked, all the subsequent Keya strips and the Libre blood ketone checks only registered a trace.
And so, within a few days of using the Keya Smart, I had seen enough rogue values of either BG or ketones which had come out very differently a second time around that I knew that any value that was even slightly unexpected needed to be rechecked.
|Keya Smart reads almost double.|
That is more than a little worrying.
Keya Smart vs Contour NextLink - BG readings
|NextLink||Keya Smart||Avg +/- % |
|Avg +/- mmol/L |
|Distribution of readings|
|Number of readings where Keya Smart higher||36||82%|
|Number of readings where Keya Smart lower||8||18%|
|Number of readings equal||0||0%|
|Number of readings within 0.5mmol/L||17||39%|
The table shows the results from 43 pairs of readings. Not a huge dataset, but the differences are quite marked. The Keya Smart almost always reads higher, sometimes significantly so. And only 4 times out of 10 does it read within what I think of as being the benchmark for 'pretty much the same' - less than +/- 0.5 mmol/L.
I really wanted to like this meter. There's a lot about how it has been put together that I really like, and the promise of 'ketone checks every time' I see as having real value for many people. Sadly though, the variability in the results I got means that it really isn't the meter for me. I will keep it and use up the strips I have for blood ketones as and when I need them, but I'll make sure I check three times on each occasion so that I can be sure of the result I'm getting.
I wish Keya Smart every success for the future and hope they can iron out these wrinkles for their next version. At the moment though, this feels like it's a product that's not quite ready for the real world.
Final verdict: 1/5